Session 1: Determinism and Volition in Antiquity

Atomism The theory, e.g. in presocratic and Epicurean thought, that the universe is made of nothing but atoms and void. This understanding gave rise to some degree of determinism.
Co-fatedness The notion that one can be fated to do multiple things, e.g. call a doctor and die
Compatibilism Any theory asserting that determinism does not rule out free will
Determinism The theory that all action is predetermined by cause one cannot influence
Fatalism The theory that, given determinism, one cannot employ free will to influence one’s own actions or anything else
Indeterminism The belief that events are not caused deterministically
Unmoved mover Aristotle’s construct of an entity so perfect that the various spheres in the universe are stimulated to motion out of a desire for it