Introduction to Historical Linguistics

Langeslag

Langeslag

German phonology disfavours /sl/, which in native words has become /ʃl/ <schl> (palatalization of /s/ by assimilation to /l/).

Langeslag

Course Format

studium.langeslag.org/histling14a/

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Concepts and Developments

Morpheme The smallest meaning-carrying unit in a language
Analytic language A language with a low morpheme-per-word ratio
Synthetic language A language with a high morpheme-per-word ratio
Fusional language A synthetic language that overlays multiple inflectional morphemes
Agglutinative language A synthetic language that adds information by adding additional morphemes onto words
Inflectional levelling The loss of distinctiveness in inflectional morphemes
Inflectional loss The loss of inflectional morphemes
Great Vowel Shift A series of changes to English long vowels, c. 1350–c. 1700.

Periodization

c. 450–c. 1150 Old English
c. 1150–c. 1500 Middle English
c. 1500– Modern English

Linguistic Disciplines

Linguistic Disciplines